Maintenance and Inspection of Fire protection systems and Appliances

Maintenance, testing and inspections for fire protection systems as well as fire-fighting systems and appliances are required in accordance with SOLAS Chapter II-2/14.2.2 as quoted below.

  • 2.2 Maintenance, testing and inspections
  • 2.2.1 Maintenance, testing and inspections shall be carried out based on the guidelines developed by the Organization (Refer to MSC.1/Circ.1432 as amended, including the amendments by MSC.1/Circ.1516) and in a manner having due regard to ensuring the reliability of fire-fighting systems and appliances.
  • 2.2.2 The maintenance plan shall be kept on board the ship and shall be available for inspection whenever required by the Administration.

The above maintenance plan onboard is to be prepared based on the instructions given by the flag administration as well as MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516 as amended. Maintenance, testing and inspections of fire protection systems and fire-fighting systems as well as appliances are to be implemented based on the above plan.

In this connection, Table-1 gives an overview of maintenance, testing and inspections for main fire-fighting systems based on MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516, as amended, as well as other applicable reference guidelines, while Table-2 summarizes instructions from different flag State Administrations.

ClassNK surveyors confirm that the maintenance, testing and inspections of fire protection systems as well as fire-fighting systems and appliances on board ship are carried out as part of the safety equipment survey, in accordance with the maintenance plan based on Flag Administration instructions.

Remarks
In principle, the inspection interval for new built ships carried out by shipyard staff or crew starts from delivery of a vessel, while inspections for such things as replaced items or hydrostatic tests starts from either the date when such an inspection was last carried out or from the date of manufacture. In case there are related instructions by administrations, the instruction should be followed.
ClassNK views MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516, as amended, as minimum guidelines on which such inspection are to be based, In case there are any instructions by the manufacture, those instruction are to be followed, as well.

For any questions about the above, please contact:

NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI (ClassNK)
Survey Department, Administration Center, Head Office

Address: 3-3 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0094, Japan
Tel.: +81-3-5226-2027
Fax: +81-3-5226-2029
email: svd@classnk.or.jp
Table-1 Overview of maintenance, testing and inspections of main fire-fighting systems based on MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516 as amended, as well as other relevant guidelines.
Equipment Interval Outline of Requirement Guideline
Portable fire extinguishers Annually Inspections in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, etc. Res.A.951(23), para.9.1
5-yearly Discharged as part of fire drills, etc. Res.A.951(23), para.9.1.1
10-yearly Hydrostatic test Res.A.951(23), para.9.1.2
Wheeled (mobile) fire extinguishers Monthly Verification in place, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.5.9
Annually Inspections in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.7.12
5-yearly Visual inspection, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.9.6
10-yearly Hydrostatic test MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.10.5
Portable foam applicator units Monthly Inspections in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.5.8, 7.11
Fixed CO2 fire-extinguishing systems Monthly Verification of each part, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1318, para.4
Annually Visual inspection, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1318, para.5
2.5-yearly Verification of contents, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1318, para.6.1
5-yearly Operation test, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1318, para.6.2
10-yearly Hydrostatic test, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1318, para.6.1
Fixed dry chemical powder systems Monthly Verification of valves and gauges, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.5.6
Annually Visual inspection, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.7.9
2-yearly Testing a sample of dry chemical powder, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.8.2
10-yearly Hydrostatic test or Non-destructive test MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.10.3
Fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems Monthly Verification of valves and gauges, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.5.3
Quarterly Verification of quantity of foam concentrate MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.6.2
Annually Functional test, and taking sample, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.7.4
5-yearly Inspection of each part MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.9.2
SCBAs Weekly Examination of cylinder gauges MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.4.5
Annually Checking of serviceable condition, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.7.8.2
5-yearly Hydrostatic test MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.9.4
EEBD Weekly Examination of cylinder gauges MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.4.5
Annually Inspections in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.7.8.3
--- Hydrostatic test IACS Rec.88
Water mist, water spray and sprinkler systems Weekly Visual inspection, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.4.7
Monthly Verification of valves and gauges, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.5.4
Quarterly Assessment of system water quality MSC.1/Circ.1516, para 6.5
Annually Blowing air, blowing water test, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1516, para 7.5
5-yearly Internal inspection of all control/section valves, etc. MSC.1/Circ.1516, para 9.3
10-yearly Hydrostatic test for gas and water pressure cylinders. MSC.1/Circ.1432, para.10.2
Table-2 Instructions from Flag State Administrations
Flag Instruction Remarks
Antigua & Barbuda CIRCULAR 2012-011 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Bahamas INFORMATION BULLETIN No.97 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Bermuda BERMUDA SHIPPING NOTICE 2017-021
BERMUDA SHIPPING NOTICE 2015-027
BERMUDA SHIPPING NOTICE 2015-028
Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
(Additional instruction for fixed CO2 fire extinguishing system and portable fire extinguishers.)
Cayman Islands SHIPPING NOTICE 01/2014 Reference made to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Cyprus Circular No. 14/2013 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Gibraltar Shipping Guidance Notice-046
Shipping Guidance Notice-028
MSC.1/Circ.1432 is referred. Special instruction for SCBA cylinder and portable/fixed fire-fighting systems.
Hong Kong Merchant Shipping Information Note (MSIN) No.14/2016 Reference made to MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
Isle of Man Isle of Man Ship Registry Manx Shipping Notice 057 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
Japan Applied our rule part R 14.2.2. To be based on MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
Kiribati Marine Circular 16/2012 Special instruction.
Liberia FIR-001 Rev.6/12 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Malaysia MSN 11/2009 Special instruction.
Malta Technical Notice SLS.6 Rev.3 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
Marshall Islands Marine Notice No.2-011-14 Rev. June/2016 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432 and MSC.1/Circ.1516.
Panama Merchant Marine Circular No.281 Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
Singapore SHIPPING CIRCULAR TO SHIPOWNERS NO. 19 OF 2013
SURVEY CIRCULAR 3 OF 2014
Reference made to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
(Additional instruction for fixed CO2 fire extinguishing system.)
Switzerland Circular No CH50
Swiss Maritime Navigation Office SMNO
Special instruction referring to MSC.1/Circ.1432.
UK MGN 355(M) Instruction for fixed dry powder fire extinguishing system.
USA The CFRs are mandatory while MSC.1/Circ.1432 is a guideline that provides just the minimum level of maintenance. MSC.1/Circ.1432 is guidelines and provides just the minimum level of maintenance.
Vanuatu FLEET / SAFETY LETTER 2016-May-25 Special instruction.
Vietnam Technical Information 023TI.E/12TB Reference made to MSC.1/Circ.1432.