Port State Control

Monthly PSC Information

Cases of PSC inspection including detainable deficiency or ISM related deficiency

July 2016 Excel
June 2016 Excel
May 2016 Excel
April 2016 Excel
March 2016 Excel
February 2016 Excel
January 2016 Excel

PSC Annual Report

What is Port State Control?

Port State control, or PSC, is the exercise of the right of a port State, when granting permission to a foreign flagged ship to enter a port of the port State, to inspect the vessel to ensure that it meets international safety, pollution and other requirements.
Various international standards and conventions, such as the SOLAS Convention, MARPOL Convention, and the International Load Line Convention, have been enacted in order to promote the safety of life and property at sea and to protect the marine environment with respect to oceangoing ships. Although the flag State and owner of a ship have fundamental responsibility for ensuring that these requirements are implemented, supervision by the flag State is many times insufficient. There is also often a lack of adequate competence and experience on the part of ship crews and others that can all too often have an adverse impact on safety, as well.
PSC has been established as a means of proactively complementing the role of flag States with the primary aims of improving ship safety and eliminating substandard ships. This consists of conducting inspections of various aspects of a ship once it has arrived in port, including the safety of life and property onboard the ship, prevention of pollution by the ship, and the living and working conditions onboard the ship.

PSC inspection process

A PSC inspection typically consists of a check of the documents and certificates onboard ship combined with a condition survey of the vessel. However, a more detailed survey is carried out if there are "clear grounds" for such, as when deficiencies are found in the ship's compliance with mandatory international requirements, or there is some question as to the safety condition of the vessel. If serious deficiencies are found affecting safety as a result of the inspection, the ship is detained and the captain is instructed to rectify the deficiencies before departure. In the event that the deficiencies are not rectified or no suitable plan is presented for rectifying them, the ship will be prohibited from leaving the port.

MOUs

The importance of PSC is now recognized by most countries around the world. Regional cooperation among port States has led to the concluding of Memoranda of Understanding, or MOUs, that seek to promote and realize more effective PSC for a given region. The first such agreement was signed in Paris in 1982. Since then, MOUs concerning the implementation of PSC regimes have been concluded in a total of nine regions in the world, as summarized in the following table (only member states are listed).

Name of Agreement
Member States*
Tokyo MOU
(Asia Pacific region)
Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, Vanuatu, Viet Nam
Paris MOU
(Europe & N. Atlantic region)
Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, European Commission**
Acuerdo de Vina del Mar Agreement
(Latin American region)
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
Caribbean MOU
(Caribbean region)
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands
Mediterranean MOU
(Mediterranean Sea region)
Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Tunisia, Turkey
Indian Ocean MOU
(Indian Ocean region)
Australia, Bangladesh, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Kenya, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Oman, Seychelles, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen
Abuja MOU
(West & Central African region)
Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo
Black Sea MOU
(Black Sea region)
Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
Riyadh MOU
(Arab Gulf region)
Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates

* Includes states that have yet to finalize their acceptance or accession of the relevant MOU.
** Member of PSC Committee.

Inspection Campaigns

Regional PSC MOU members will agree to carry out special inspection campaigns from time to time for periods of usually three or four months. These campaigns are often announced beforehand through press releases and other means and generally focus on certain aspects of ship safety. Past inspection campaigns have focused on such areas as: structural safety of bulk carrier cargo holds, structural safety of tankers, working and living conditions onboard, GMDSS equipment and their operation, conformance with the ISM Code,control of operation requirements , MARPOL Annex I, Safety of Navigation, Lifeboat Launching Arrangement, Tanker Damage Stability and Harmful Substances carried in Packaged Form.

Shipboard maintenance and operation

A shipowner always needs to ensure that the ship is properly maintained and operated so that it remains in conformance with all applicable international standards and requirements.
Such careful maintenance and operation of the ship will go a long way to avoiding any unnecessary problems during a PSC inspection.
Most lapses and deficiencies onboard can be prevented by doing various operational checks, maintenance and repairs, etc. of machinery and equipment regularly. This includes maintaining shipboard records properly, confirming the validity of all certificates and documents as well as verifying the survey dates of all relevant class and statutory surveys.
In addition, always taking care to keep things onboard ship in good order and striving to improve the shipboard environment can go a long way to not only enhancing safety in daily operations, but is also an effective means of coping with PSC inspections. (Indeed, as the old adage says, "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.") The Society has prepared "Good Maintenance On Board Ships "and "PORT STATE INSPECTIONS POCKET CHECKLIST "as a ship management checklist and tool for use during voyages to help Masters and operators achieve these goals more easily.

Good Maintenance On Board Ships (3,845kb)
Good Maintenance On Board Ships - Chinese (5,164kb)
Good Maintenance On Board Ships - Korean (3,422kb)
Good Maintenance On Board Ships - Spanish (3,489kb)
PORT STATE INSPECTIONS POCKET CHECKLIST (331kb)

Activities of the Society

Whenever the Society receives a PSC inspection report from a port State Administration, an investigation is carried out at the Head Office of the Society to determine the cause of the deficiency. The shipowner and flag State are then informed of the results of the investigation, and the results are also input into a dedicated database on PSC maintained by the Society. Effective use is also made of this information through the publication of the Annual Report on Port State Control, and other materials by the Society.
In addition, "Technical Information" releases are issued to provide updates and various notices on a range of topics including information on PSC, whenever necessary.